Think Tanks Lay Out Key Defense Strategies For Next President

Despite the complexity of the global environment and the chaos in multiple regions, the United States remains relatively secure. But Americans feel less secure because of the threat of the unknown. And military analysts also share that anxiety because they know the United States faces several long-term threats that may or may not emerge. As the reigning superpower, who leads the United States is incredibly important, as is where they choose to lead the nation.

Several think tanks have recently focused their attention on the challenges the next president may face and offer counsel on how to navigate an ever-changing international landscape.

In order to set the US in the best position to respond to emerging and growing threats, The conservative Hoover Institution’s Working Group on Foreign Policy and Grand Strategy has released a national security strategy that acknowledges this uncertainty and the reality that the nation does not have limitless funds.

The Pragmatic Engagement Amidst Global Uncertainty: Three Major Pragmatic Challenges attempts to lay out the conceptual and policy road map for success.

The strategy recognizes threats from two conventional enemies with substantial resources, Russia and China, and a third challenge that consists of “black swan” dangers such as nuclear, biological, or cyber attacks that could kill thousands or even millions of people or could severely disrupt liberal society.

” These black swan dangers arise from state and non-state actors such as transnational terrorist groups. The United States must have a national security strategy that can address these threats, any of which might or might not emerge. Such a strategy must acknowledge uncertainty, accept that in dealing with autocratic states there may only be choices among unattractive options,” says the report.

The Brookings Institute, which leans more toward the middle-left, also has weighed in, most recently hosting an event examining defense and security options for the next president. Among those speaking were Mackenzie Eaglen of the American Enterprise Institute, Robert Kagan of Brookings, and James Miller, former undersecretary for policy at the Department of Defense.

Brookings’ Ian Livingston has provided a brief summary of the viewpoints shared during the talk.

The Carnegie Foundation for International Peace released a report last month addressing how the international community can coordinate efforts to strengthen governance of cyberspace activities in the face of accelerating challenges.


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