Burundi Teetering On Edge Of Civil War
The violence which has steadily increased since a failed attempt to overthrow Burundi President Pierre Nkurunziza has caused US officials to call for all citizens to depart the African nation.
The US also has asked the United Nations to investigate allegations of human rights abuses amid fears that ethnic violence between Hutus and Tutsis could spark even more violence. In Burundi, ethnic differences between Hutu and Tutsi, much as in the case of neighboring Rwanda, existed prior to colonial rule but were solidified by colonial and post-colonial politics.
At least 300 Burundians have been killed and more than 200,000 have fled the country since the conflict erupted this spring after President Nkurunziza defied term limits by announcing his intention to run for a third term.
The government has engaged in a brutal crackdown in recent months, including almost 80 people who were killed in nighttime raids last week. The government claims they were rebels, while residents contend the “security services conducted door-to-door searches, stole cash and cell phones, and dragged away dozens of young men suspected of working with the rebels — many of whom were later found with bullets in their heads,” reports Foreign Policy.
UN Recognizes Work Of Youth In Conflict Resolution
In a landmark decision, the United Nations Security Council this week adopted its first resolution to address the critical role that young people play in preventing and resolving conflict.
The measure was introduced by Jordan during its presidency of the Security Council in April, and comes at a time when the region and the world is facing a rising tide of violence and extremism at the hands of militant organizations like ISIS, Boko Haram and others.
The resolution text notes that “today’s generation of youth is the largest the world has ever known and that young people often form the majority of the population of countries affected by armed conflict.”
The Diplomat looks at the unique role that Australia can play in negotiations aimed at resolving the conflict in Syria.
Brookings Institution’s Måns Söderbom explains the opportunity for African firms to break into global markets in industry.