Sunday News And Notes
European Migrant Crisis Also A Test Of American Moral Leadership
While Europe shares a considerable amount of the blame for failing to address the events that have created the largest migration/refugee crisis on the continent since World War II, Brookings Institution fellow William Galston says the United States is in no position to wash its hands clean.
“America cannot stand by. Sins of commission during George W. Bush’s presidency contributed to this crisis, and so too have the sins of omission by his successor. The U.S., whatever its intentions, has played no small part in making substantial portions of the Middle East unliveable for millions of people. We cannot say that this is Europe’s problem alone. Nor can we make a token contribution and walk away,” he argues in a Wall Street Journal op-ed.
Two days after a European Union summit on the crisis, Hungary has taken a different tack than their northern European nations by engaging in a more cooperative spirit and re-opened its border with both Croatia and Serbia.
Russia Lays Partial Blame For World War II On Poland
For no apparent reason, Russian ambassador to Poland Sergey Andreyev commented during an interview on Friday that Poland was “co-responsible” for Nazi Germany invading in 1939 for preventing the creation of an anti-Hitler pact before the war.
“Polish policy led to the disaster in September 1939, because during the 1930s Poland repeatedly blocked the formation of a coalition against Hitler’s Germany. Poland was therefore partly responsible for the disaster which then took place,” he said, according to The Washington Post.
He also said that the Soviet Union was justified in invading Poland because it was necessary to “guarantee the security of the Soviet Union”.
In response, the Polish foreign ministry issued a statement expressing “surprise and concern” over the arguments and said the remarks undermine “historical truth and refers to the most mendacious interpretation of events, familiar from Stalinist and Communist times,” according to Reuters.
Book Review: The Intellectuals Who Shaped US Foreign Affairs
In “Worldmaking: The Art and Science of American Diplomacy,” author David Milne looks at the nine artists and scientists who have had the most impact on shaping American foreign policy and whose policy debates still resonate today.
Milne suggests that while the nine men — Alfred Thayer Mahan, Woodrow Wilson, Charles Beard, Walter Lippmann, George Kennan, Paul Nitze, Henry Kissinger, Paul Wolfowitz and Barack Obama — come to foreign affairs with different perspectives, they all “consciously engaged in a process of worldmaking, formulating strategies that sought to deploy the nation’s vast military and economic power—or indeed its retraction through a domestic reorientation—to ‘make’ a world in which America is best positioned to thrive’”
Reviewer Richard Aldous notes that Milne may be “inclined toward the artists rather than the scientists,” but says throughout the book he remains subtle and fair to all his subjects.