Sectarian War In Iraq
With the Islamic State pushed out of Tikrit, the United States and its allies need to stop turning a blind eye to the other non-state group waging brutal sectarian war in Iraq — Shiite militias.
“Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has voiced his concern about the conduct of the militias. He has called for investigations, and for those committing abuses to be held responsible. However, the reality of Iraq’s deeply divided political landscape means that Abadi is not in control of the dozens of different militias that make up the backbone of the fight against the Islamic State. After more than a decade of operating with complete impunity, they have become a law unto themselves,” writes Tirana Hassan of Foreign Policy.
Nigerians Elect New Leadership, But Will They Listen
The political climate in the run-up to the elections was tense and acrimonious, as both the incumbent Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and the lead opposition party All Progressives Congress (APC), backed by competing opinion polls, predicted victory. Despite allegations of fraud, it appeared by Tuesday that former military ruler Muhammadu Buhari had defeated incumbent Goodluck Jonathan by more than 2.5 million votes.
It was hard to deny that the ongoing battle against the Islamic terror group Boko Haram had an influence on the vote.
“But with Boko Haram extremists waging a campaign of terror, kidnappings, and suicide bombings, Nigerians appear to have opted for Buhari’s heavy-handed past over Jonathan’s lackadaisical present. Under Jonathan’s watch the group has consolidated control over large parts of Nigeria’s northeast, seizing major towns and army bases, killing more than 7,400 civilians in the past year alone, and launching deadly suicide attacks in major cities,” notes Siobhan O’Grady in Foreign Policy.
It is equally hard to deny the impact that a successful and seemingly fair election in Africa’s most populous nation may have.
“Transparent elections will strengthen the country’s leadership role in the continent, both as an example of successfully resolving conflicts and as a stalwart against undemocratic transitions. In addition, entrenchment of democracy in Nigeria is bound to translate into better economic performance with positive spillover effects to other countries,” asserts Brookings Institution scholar Mwangi S. Kimenyi.
War, Peace, Aand The Geopolitics Of A Multipolar World
As the global order enters a new phase, it is looking more like the world of 1914 in certain respects, but it is no longer as Eurocentric.
“However, today numerous large countries are prospering economically, producing an increasing number of well-educated and productive citizens, and otherwise laying the foundation for an enhanced international status,” writes Dr. Dale Walton in an article on Modern Democracy examining the new international order.