Educating Girls Is Key To Future Of Middle East
Conflict in the Middle East has drastically affected the education of children, especially girls. Maysa Jalbout of the Brookings Institution discusses why strategies to increase access to quality education, especially for the most vulnerable girls, is critical to the region’s future.
She argues that educating girls and women is more than a matter of equal rights, but also one of the best investments Arab states can make in their social and economic well-being.
For example, a girl who attends school is more likely to delay marriage. In addition, statistics show that a one-year increase in maternal education is associated with a 23 percent decrease in the number of children under the age of five dying from pneumonia—the largest killer of children under 5 years.
Yet, despite the benefits, Arab countries have one of the highest gender inequality rates in the world, second only to sub-Saharan Africa.
Should Iraq Be Permitted To Split Into Two Nations
Writing in the World Affairs Journal, Michael Totten makes the case for allowing for a partition of Iraq as the only path for the country to survive.
“If Iraq somehow manages to survive its current conflict in one piece, another will almost certainly follow. Its instability is both devastating and chronic. Far better at this point if Iraq simply terminates itself as a state and lets its various constituent groups peaceably go their own way, as Yugoslavia did after its own catastrophic series of wars in the 1990s,” Totten asserts.
This is a view shared by Delovan Barwari, who writes in The Jerusalem Post that arguments can be made for and against partition, but that the empirical data is on the side of partition.
He notes a University of California San Diego study that reached the conclusion that partition is the best option for nationalist wars compared to unitary states, de facto separation, or autonomy.
“After evaluating 72 nationalist civil wars between 1945 and 2002, they found that only 14 percent of the partition cases experienced resumption of violence within two years, compared to 63% of unitary states, 50% of de facto separations and 67% of autonomy cases,” Barwari reports, adding that “the idea of an independent Kurdistan and a Shi’ite-Sunni state with federal regions has strong grounds.
Regarding Their Culture, China And US Have Very Different Views
Brent Crane looks at how Chinese and American cultures differ and, more importantly, how their views of each other’s cultures differ.
” If China is known around the world as the oldest continuous civilization, America is known as the melting pot. Its ethnic diversity has undeniably contributed to its national culture and in the same way that many Chinese speak proudly of their long history, Americans tend to speak proudly of the melting pot. Yet the melting pot society, and the American national culture that has sprung out of it, is exactly what has been targeted as somehow illegitimate by my Chinese friends. What I saw as cultural integration, they saw as cultural theft. What I saw as something that binds together American culture, they saw as disqualifying it,” observes Crane.
At the end of the day, he wonders how we reconcile these opposing views?