Friday Headlines: Combating ISIS, Containing The Ebola Outbreak, And The Future Of The ICC
Politico magazine sought out foreign policy analysts for their suggestions on how to combat Islamic terrorism. Here are a few of their strategies:
Maj. Gen. Charles J. Dunlap says the US should hit ISIS “hard” and immediately, a strategy based on his belief that “all human beings have a primal fear of being relentlessly hunted by a ruthless predator against which they have no defense,” which “is exactly the kind of psychological effect that today’s airpower can impose on ISIL.”
Lt. Gen. David Barno stresses the need to build a coalition around which is a necessary component of an “aggressive regional strategy to contain, disrupt and ultimately enable the defeat of ISIL.”
The coalition should be broad-based and the countries involved should be asked to “contribute to air operations, provide intelligence or Special Forces or, at a minimum, provide funds and material support” a concerted campaign.
Heading Off A Larger Ebola Outbreak
Hudson Institute scholars Tevi Troy and Scott Gotlieb argue for the US to take an aggressive and proactive approach to combating the spread of the ebola virus. And, they say, it should be embarked on as soon as possible.
One of the suggestions they offer is for President Obama to spearhead a “major charitable effort” to raise funds to combat the virus, which the World Health Organization estimates will cost $489 million. And that price will increase the longer action is delayed.
“More than half the money will be needed for treatment and isolation centers, laboratory diagnostic capabilities, and surveillance and contact tracing in the countries experiencing the epidemic. The rest will go to managing the relief effort and strengthening capabilities in countries at risk for the virus but so far without major outbreaks,” write the scholars in The Wall Street Journal.
In addition, assistance needs to be provided to neighboring countries so they can develop strategies to contain the spread of the virus beyond simply closing their borders. Such limited defensive measures, they contend, only serve to exacerbate the economic and social impact on countries currently combating the epidemics.
Kenyatta Trial Is A Setback For International Criminal Court
The International Criminal Court (ICC) was delivered another blow to its credibility after prosecutors sought an adjournment in order to gather more evidence in the case against President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya for crimes against humanity.
Kenyatta has been accused of stoking lethal inter-ethnic violence after Kenya’s 2007 presidential elections in which 1,200 died. The case has been postponed several times as prosecutors tried to gather evidence against him.
“The case highlights one of the key limitations of the ICC, which relies on co-operation from governments and does not have the power to obtain documents and other evidence on its own,” reports The Financial Times.
During the 2013 presidential campaign in Kenya, supporters of Kenyatta repeatedly questioned the validity of the ICC and took that campaign across Africa. It was so effective that at the African Union summit last October, member nations agreed that African heads of state would no longer face ICC prosecution during terms in office.
“So effective has the anti-ICC campaign proved that it is now having repercussions its originators probably never foresaw: South Sudan is likely to be just the first in a series of new African conflict zones where human rights groups and civil society organizations find themselves nonplussed, unsure what to advocate in light of the body blows dealt the ICC,” Michela Wrong of Human Rights Watch wrote in Foreign Policy in July.
Eric Posner of Slate authored a similar piece one year ago that a failure to hold Syria’s Bashir al-Assad was one more nail in the ICC’s coffin.
“This, just the latest blow to the ICC, illustrates once again why the prospect of international justice through global courts is ever receding—and why the court’s own days may be numbered,” Posner argued.
And the possible dismissal of the Kenyatta case does not bode well for the ICC’s future.